Problems & Conditions
According to The Vision Council, here are some of the most common vision problems that children experience.
- Amblyopia – (lazy eye) This condition occurs when vision in one of the eyes is reduced because the eye and the brain are not working together properly. Amblyopia is the most common cause of visual impairment in childhood. It affects two to five percent of preschoolers. Amblyopia usually develops before the age of five and can persist for life if untreated. It causes more vision loss than trauma and all other ocular diseases.
- Astigmatism – This condition is a very common vision problem caused by an irregularly shaped cornea. Blurred vision at all distances is the most significant indicator of astigmatism and many people who have astigmatism also have myopia or hyperopia. Astigmatism is often present at birth, and a family history of the condition increases risk.
- Strabismus – This condition is when the eyes are turned in, turned out, or not working together as a team. Signs and symptoms of strabismus include wandering eye, double vision, vision in only one eye, and eyes that appear crossed. However, in some children with this condition, their eyes appear straight but they may have a problem working together as a team. When this occurs it is known as binocular disorder and can cause fatigue, discomfort or avoidance of near viewing activities.
- Myopia (nearsightedness) – This condition causes people to see objects that are close more clearly than distant ones. About one-third of the population has some degree of nearsightedness. This disorder usually appears in childhood.
- Hyperopia (farsightedness) – This condition causes people to see distant objects more clearly than they can see closer ones. Some children are born with hyperopia, but can outgrow it as their eyes develop.